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The Executive Office of the President (EOP)

The EOP began in 1939 under Roosevelt  on advice from a  panel of public policy experts and political scientists.  Originally it had two units - the White House Office and the Bureau of the Budget.

It would be expanded and reorganized a number of tmes over the years, most notably under Eisenhower where it was remolded to suit Eisenhower's military style of leadership. That military style should not necessarily be taken to be synonymous with militaristic. 

 

The expansion included representation from the National Security Council, the President's Intelligence Advisory Board, and the Office of the Vice President among other agencies and offices. 

The main aims were to provide domestic and foreign policy advice, to keep tabs on budgetary integrity and have both micro and macro views of the workings of government and its agencies when needed.

One key member added to the EOP was Eisenhower's policy advisor on science and technology, George B. Kistiakowsky, and the key issue he dealt with was the Test Ban Summits.

We learn from his published diary (A Scientist in the White House, Harvard University Press, 1976) that the Soviets refused to cooporate in talks due to radar developed in the US designed to detect underground explosions. The Soviets believed this technology could equally be used to improve weaponry. The book tells us, without provision of specifics, that they overcame this objection with "ingenious" methods of sharing blueprints and other data. It no doubt had to be done covertly to avoid being a damaging issue during the upcoming election  and also to avoid any  implosion via a rift between the moderates and the hawks - on both sides of the Iron Curtain.

 

Another key player in the EOP under Eisenhower was Percival Brundage, Director of the Bureau of the Budget. Brundage was also the President of the Friends of Albert Schweitzer College - a small, unheralded liberal arts college in Switzerland. 

A young Lee Oswald worked as a courier in the port district of New Orleans prior to joining the Marines. Such was the nature of the material he was entrusted with, the Port Authority maintained a file on this 16 year old kid.

Once in the Marines, Oswald became a radar operator at a U2 base, learned Russian, obtaned a fraudulent early release, and applied to the unheralded Albert Schweitzer College, but never turned up - instead landing in the Soviet Union  threatening to give the Soviets radar secrets. 

In 1963, about a year after his return from the Soviet Union, Oswald gave a speech at a Jesuit college about his Soviet sojourn. In this speech, he praised the Soviet peace movement after Stalin's death and in the lead-up to the summit talks, and how the shooting down of a U2 spy plane had killed those talks. 

This speech, imo, was the truest reflection we have of Oswald's thinking regarding politics and economics. 

Cause
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